Natural Choices to prevent fleas
Quality nutrition and good grooming
the most important elements for proper
flea and tick control. Animals that are
clean, with no mats, and who have healthy skin and coats have
less problems with fleas and ticks.
Ask us for our list of premium foods or for an appointment
to outline a homemade diet recipe tailored to the needs of your
Fleas Flee, a powder based on yeast, liver and garlic, is added
to food and works well to prevent
flea infestations. Use
from May through October.
Herbal pet powders are especially useful for treating flea infestations in the very young or debilitated animal, when chemicals are especially dangerous.
Herbal Pet Collars These have some repellant qualities, but will not eliminate
fleas by themselves. They
do have a very nice herbal aroma that keeps your pet smelling
wonderful! (always trim excess length from collars so animal will
Frequent vacuuming in the Summer and Fall months
help to prevent or treat a flea infestation.
Tiny eggs are dropped by fleas as you pet moves around
the house. Be sure to vacuum between furniture cushions
and underneath furnishings.
Bathing with a quality herbal shampoo is a great way to remove
fleas once they are on an animal.
The shampoo should be left on for 10 mins. This will stun the fleas, and then they can
be rinsed and combed away.
Natural Choices to prevent ticks
Unfortunately, there is no natural method that will
completely eliminate tick bites if your animal goes outdoors. The following suggestions are helpful:
Essential Oil sprays, such as “tick guard” may be sprayed on dogs to
help to repel ticks, it must be applied to legs and neck daily
or can be used just prior to outings in a tick infested area.
*** These sprays are not for cats!
Picking ticks off by hand after and during any outdoor activity will greatly reduce
the risk of tick born diseases. Daily tick checks and manual removal
of any ticks found should be performed, just as we would do for
ourselves or children. Be
sure to check around eyes, ears, neck and armpits.
Tick pulling devices or fine tweezers are better than hands. Sticky soft
tape works best for the tiny nymph ticks, especially around the
eyes. A sticky material like duct tape or a pet hair roller
(designed for cleaning clothing) can be used routinely after and
occasionally during outings, to collect ticks before they attach.
After removing ticks, they can be folded into
a piece of tape and placed in garbage.
(flushing in toilets is acceptable, but a big waste of water!)
Be sure to wash your hands afterwards, and you may want to put
some antibiotic ointment on the tick bites.
used at a double dose may be helpful in reducing the
number of tick bites.
Chemicals for flea and tick control
of the commercially available flea and tick chemical treatments
have potential toxic effects to both pets and people.
Be sure to follow all package directions carefully!
use the chemicals on old or debilitated animals, and use in moderation
if at all, on healthy animals.
(see cautions on overleaf)
Advantage® (listed as a “potential carcinogen”
by the EPA) usually works at ½ the recommended dose, but we won’t
“guarantee” this. Does
not kill ticks, but very effective to eliminate fleas.
Frontline® (listed as a “potential carcinogen” by the EPA) is effective
in killing ticks, but they do need to attach and bite, then they
slowly die. Fleas are also
killed by Frontline, though some have become resistant to it. The package recommends monthly treatments for ticks, however, since ticks are seasonal and
dependent on weather conditions, we recommend that it be reapplied
after 30 days, only if and when ticks are seen.
Flea and tick collars don’t work for fleas, but
do help kill and repel ticks.
These do expose the animals to a known
carcinogen and neurotoxin: permethrin.
(The better ones, “Zodiac” or “VetKem” do kill ticks well
on cats, so may be OK for cats that aren’t cuddled a lot by people, especially
All of the chemicals available
are listed by the EPA as either known or potential carcinogens. Some are also neurotoxic or can cause skin sensitivity.
No longterm toxicity studies have been done on these products.
None have ever been approved
for use on humans, in fact, the label instructions imply that
it is dangerous to come into contact with them.
Why then, would you want to put them on your animal?
We strongly recommend that these chemical treatments
be used in moderation, if at all.
Only when fleas and ticks are seen. (not as a preventative) Only reapply if 30 days have passed, AND the
new fleas or ticks are appearing on the animal.
are generally a problem only in late summer and fall and are not
present everywhere. Ticks are the worst in the spring and fall
seasons and also occur in “patches” in the environment. These patches can be different every year.
Old or sick animals should not have any chemical preventatives used on
them. It is safest to use
only the shampoo and powder. Any
other animals in the house can be treated and the home should
be vacuumed thoroughly and regularly.
If children live in the household, any chemical preventative should be applied
in the evening after the children are in bed.
This minimizes or eliminates the danger of them touching
the wet chemicals. Children
should be advised not to touch the neck of the pet for at least
Application of Advantage and Frontline:
- Always read package instructions
- Apply chemicals to the
neck:- ½ way between the top of the head and the collar level
Collars or harnesses should be removed prior to application of any chemical,
or the chemical may concentrate in the collar and be a constant
source of exposure to persons hugging the pet.